KINDAI UNIVERSITY


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Jun-ichi Nishida

Profile

FacultyGeneral Education Division / Graduate School of Financials
PositionAssociate Professor
DegreePh.D. in Human Environment Studies
Commentator Guidehttps://www.kindai.ac.jp/meikan/2093-nishida-junichi.html
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Last Updated :2019/10/19

Education and Career

Education

  •  - 2000 , Kyushu University, Graduate School, Division of Human and Environmental Studies
  •  - 1998 , National Institute of Fitness and Sports in Kanoya, Faculty of Physical Education

Research Activities

Research Areas

  • Health/Sports science, Developmental mechanisms and the body works
  • Health/Sports science, Sports science

Published Papers

  • Household living arrangement and eating behavior influence nutrient intake among female students at universities, colleges, and vocational schools: a 1-year longitudinal study, Health and Behavior Sciences, 18(1), Sep. 2019 , Refereed
  • A Study of the effectiveness of sport education model on apparatus gymnastics of physical education class for elementary school : Focusing the peer relationships, YOSHII Takehito, OTOMO Satoshi, FUKADA Naohiro, UMEGAKI Akemi, MINAMISHIMA Eiko, UETA Kenji, MIYAO Natsuki, TOMOKUSA Tsukasa, NISHIDA Jun-ichi, 群馬大学教育実践研究, 群馬大学教育実践研究, (34), 197 - 205, Mar. 2017
  • Basic study on extend one's healthy life expectancy : Student hope life expectancy and Current physical strength evaluation that bases muscular power attenuation by aging : Examination by entrance student in 2015, 2016, OGAWA Masayuki, GOTO Kaori, ARISAKA Moe, ISHII Rika, TAKEBU Misaki, TAGUCHI Hirotaka, NAKAO Hayato, KAMIJO Takashi, ONIZAWA Yoko, KIYAMA Keiko, NISHIDA Junichi, ARAI Yoshihiro, FUKUCHI Toyoki, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 52, 31 - 40, 2017
  • Perceived benefits of physical education in university students and their effects on adjustment to university life, Nishida Jun-ichi, Hashimoto Kimio, Kiuchi Atsushi, Tsutsumi Toshihiko, Yamamoto Koji, Tanimoto Hideaki, Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences), 体育学研究, 61(2), 537 - 554, 2016
    Summary: Maladaptation to university life by undergraduates has often been reported in recent years. Therefore, improvements in the provision of support for students is urgently required. Previous studies have indicated that physical education (PE) classes might provide effective opportunities for improving students' adjustment to university. The purposes of this study were to develop a scale for quantitatively evaluating the perceived benefits of PE in university students and to verify its reliability and validity. The effects of perceived benefits of PE on adjustment to university life were then examined using this scale. A questionnaire survey was conducted with university freshmen (n=2,412) who were enrolled in four-year universities and were taking PE classes. The survey questions consisted of items for developing the assessment scale, and a school adjustment scale. The "Perceived Benefits Scale in university First-Year PE classes (PBS-FYPE)" were developed resulted in exploratory factor analysis. The scale consisted of the following sub-scales: "Acquisition of exercise skills and training methods," "Understanding the importance of cooperative play and improvement in communication skills," "Stress coping and arousal of positive feelings," "Improvements in physical strength and physical activities," and "Establishment of regular lifestyles." Subsequent analyses confirmed the adequate internal consistency and criterion-related validity of the scale, as well as its reliability and validity. Next, the effects of the perceived benefits of PE on adjustment to university life were examined by multiple group structural equation modeling for students taking part in individual and team sporting events. The results indicated that "sense of comfort" was relatively well explained in both groups by the value of the explanatory variables. Moreover, higher scores for "Understanding the importance of cooperative play and improvement in communication skills" were associated with a higher scores for "sense of comfort". This effect was stronger for team events than for individual events. Finally, the limits of this study and future issues including the investigation of factors related to the scale and the necessity for longitudinal research were discussed.
  • Basic study on Current state of hope life expectancy and Movement practice and physical strength by student investigation for Extend "healthy life expectancy" : Examination by entrance student in 2013, 2014, 2015, Ogawa Masayuki, Goto Kaori, Shimofure Tomonori, Tajima Masahiro, Chigira Atsushi, Taguchi Hirotaka, Nakao Hayato, Kamijo Takashi, Onizawa Yoko, Kiyama Keiko, Nishida Junichi, Arai Yoshihiro, Fukuchi Toyoki, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 51, 59 - 66, 2016
  • Extraction of the perceived benefits of university physical education classes by text mining: Differences in sex and exercise habits among the categories of perceived benefits, Nishida Jun-ichi, Hashimoto Kimio, Kiuchi Atsushi, Tanimoto Hideaki, Fukuchi Toyoki, Kamijo Takashi, Onizawa Yoko, Nakao Hayato, Kiyama Keiko, Arai Yoshihiro, Ogawa Masayuki, Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences, 体育学研究, 60(1), 27 - 39, 2015
    Summary:  In Japan, not many people exercise habitually. Physical education (PE) in universities would be expected to contribute to the development of active lifestyles by facilitating lifelong habits of exercise and sports. This study extracted the perceived benefits of PE in universities using text mining. A questionnaire survey was conducted among university freshmen (N=989, men=656, women=331). The questionnaire inquired about basic attributes, including sex, age, and exercise habits, and requested free descriptions about the perceived benefits of PE at universities. The mean age of the participants was 19.1 years. The results indicated that approximately 30% exercised regularly. Words that appeared frequently in free descriptions regarding the perceived benefits of PE in universities were analyzed using morphological analysis, and 18 keywords were identified, including "make or can," "friends," and "enjoyable". Based on these keywords, the following 10 categories of perceived benefits of exercise were extracted: formation and development of friendship, an increase in the frequency of exercise, feeling of enjoyment, increase in physical strength, improvement in communication skills, improvement in life habits, attaining and improving movement skills, understanding exercise methods and rules, understanding the importance of team play, and stress reduction. Furthermore, differences based on sex, as well as sport and exercise habits, were also examined. The results indicated that the frequency of the following categories was higher in women than in men: formation and development of friendship and a feeling of enjoyment. Students without regular exercise habits indicated a higher frequency of "increase in the frequency of taking exercise," compared to those with exercise habits. The above results suggest the need for planning and enforcing PE programs in universities, as this would seem to promote lifelong exercise habits and participation in sport. Furthermore, perceived benefits of PE in universities should be complemented and increased, according to sex and individual exercise habits. Moreover, students should be taught the importance of exercise and sports. In the future, it will be important to examine the perceived benefits of exercise by matching the benefits with the purpose and contents of PE, and to examine the continuity of the perceived benefits, as well as investigating deep-level perceived benefits.
  • Effects of a physical activity support program based on bench-stepping exercise on physical fitness, mental health and health-related quality of life in Japanese returnees from China, Morimura Kazuhiro, Kumahara Hideaki, Nishida Junichi, Inoue Yuki, Ookuma Kumiko, Nakano Saori, Miyazaki Kana, Yoshitake Risa, Tanaka Hiroaki, Jpn. J. Phys. Fitness Sports Med., 体力科学, 64(1), 173 - 182, 2015
    Summary:This study aimed to examine the effects of an 8-week physical activity program, which mainly comprised home-based bench-stepping exercise training at the intensity of lactate threshold (LT), on mental health (MH), health-related quality of life (HRQOL), and physical fitness in Japanese returnees from China. Thirty Japanese returnees (63 ± 9 y) participated in the exercise program. Another six subjects were enrolled as the control group. The subjects performed 212 ± 57 min of training, and their daily step counts were increased. Aerobic capacity (LT: 4.5 ± 0.8 vs. 5.5 ± 1.1 METs), lower limb strength (30-s chair stand test [CS-30]: 19.1 ± 5.5 vs. 21.3 ± 5.1 times), and sit-and-reach flexibility (sitting-posture body anteflexion: 36.1 ± 9.4 vs. 39.0 ± 8.4 cm) were significantly increased after the intervention compared with before the intervention. Furthermore, MH, as assessed by the total score of the GHQ-28 (3.4 ± 4.4 vs. 0.3 ± 0.8 points), and the mental component score (MCS) of HRQOL, as evaluated by the SF-36v2 (55.1 ± 11.4 vs. 58.5 ± 10.0), were significantly changed in a positive manner. However, a two-way repeated measures ANOVA (group × period) showed significant interactions for LT and MCS (p<0.05), and a tendency for interactions of CS-30 (p=0.063) and the total score of the GHQ-28 (p=0.098). These results indicate that this bench-stepping exercise program could become a useful health support program for improving physical fitness, as well as MH and HRQOL, in Japanese returnees.
  • Study on influence that University new student's Exercise custom exerts on Physique and Physical strength(Part 3)Examination by entrance student in 2014, Ogawa Masayuki, Shoji Haruto, Suda Hikaru, Taguchi Hirotaka, Nakao Hayato, Kamijo Takashi, Onizawa Yoko, Kiyama Keiko, Nishida Junichi, Arai Yoshihiro, Fukuchi Toyoki, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 50, 91 - 96, 2015
  • Effects of acute boxing-style exercise on affect and mood states in young and middle-aged adults, Kumahara Hideaki, Nishida Junichi, Sakai Yoko, Kanehira Mayumi, Kanehira Keiichiro, Shindo Munehiro, Tanaka Hiroaki, Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences, 体育学研究, 59(1), 251 - 261, 2014
    Summary:  The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of acute exercise mimicking boxing on affect and mood states. In a randomized crossover design, 16 adults (35.8±6.6 yrs) underwent both a boxing exercise program based on shadow boxing (Boxing) as well as a boxing program combined with a focus mitts workout (pad work) (Boxing+Mitts). The Waseda Affect Scale of Exercise and Durable Activity (WASEDA) and the Profile of Mood States-Brief Form (POMS-Brief) were administered before and after both exercise programs. There were no gender differences in any psychological scales before and after the programs as well as in heart rate during exercise. The Boxing+Mitts program tended to show a lower exercise intensity, defined as the percentage of the average heat rate reserve (HRR), than the Boxing program (40.4±13.3 vs. 50.4±17.5%HRR, p<0.10). However, both programs were considered to give a moderate level of exercise intensity on average, which is regarded as the minimum intensity required to improve individual cardiorespiratory fitness. The Boxing program significantly improved all 3 scales of negative affect, positive engagement and tranquility assessed by the WASEDA. Moreover, the POMS-Brief showed an iceberg profile after the program, which was followed by significant decreases in the scores of tension-anxiety, depression-dejection, anger-hostility and confusion, and a significant increase in the vigor score. In addition, a composite score of total mood disturbance calculated by summing the subscale scores changed in a positive direction. The Boxing+Mitts program was shown to lead to similar changes in the WASEDA and POMS-Brief. However, no significant program×time interactions (by two-way ANOVA) were observed in any of the scales. These results indicate that acute boxing-style exercise programs would improve negative psychological variables and enhance both feelings of pleasant activation, as well as relaxation. A further study is warranted to explore whether any long-term (chronic) effects on mental health exist, and to compare these programs with other modes of exercise.
  • Influence of psychological distance of a junior high school student and physical education teacher on achievement motivation in physical education : Examination by the combination of sex, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 49, 77 - 84, 2014
  • Study on relation research that Body Composition and Sports ability practice of University new student : Examination by entrance student in 2013, Ogawa Masayuki, Yuzuriha Takaki, Sumiya Ryota, Nakamura Takashi, Odagiri Kana, Onizawa Ryoko, Nakao Hayato, Kiyama Keiko, Nishida Junichi, Arai Yoshihiro, Kamijo Takashi, Fukuchi Toyoki, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 49, 55 - 62, 2014
  • The Trial of the Lesson of Physical Education meaning the Enhancement of Human Relations using a Buddy System and Behavior Modification Technique, Hashimoto Kimio, Nishida Junichi, Uchida Wakaki, The Kumamoto Gakuen University journal of liberal arts and sciences, 熊本学園大学論集「総合科学」, 19(2), 169 - 188, Jun. 30 2013
  • Influence of motivational climate on perceived exercise competence in junior high school physical education class : Examination of mediating of causal attributional style, Tajima Yoshitaka, Nishida Jun-ichi, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 48, 145 - 158, 2013
  • The influence of decision balance of swimming & water exercise and subjective environment on behavior intention among university student : Development of DBSSU revised version, NISHIDA Jun-ichi, 大学体育学, 大学体育学, 9(1), 43 - 55, Mar. 2012
  • Effects of physical activity and sedentary behavior on mental health for elementary children : Focus on sex and stages of change for physical activity, 高橋 幸一, 西田 順一, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 群馬大学教育学部紀要. 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 47, 109 - 124, 2012
  • Assessment of the pros and cons of swimming & water exercise among university student : Development and validation of a decisional balance scale, NISHIDA Jun-ichi, Japan journal for health, physical education, recreation and dance in universities, 大学体育学, 8(1), 13 - 23, Mar. 15 2011
    Summary:水泳・水中運動の実施は,身体的側面および心理的側面などへの効果が過去の研究にて実証されており,健康への恩恵は極めて大きいものと考えられる。本研究は,「意思決定理論(Janis & Mann, 1977)」に基づいた大学生の水泳・水中運動における意思決定バランス尺度を開発し,その信頼性および妥当性を検討することであった。一次調査では,最初にパイロット調査と先行研究の検討によって水泳・水中運動での意思決定バランスを測定するための項目が作成された。調査は関東地方,関西地方,そして九州地方の5つの大学の講義の時間内で実施された。大学生573名が調査票に記入した。探索的因子分析の結果,2因子からなる「水泳・水中運動の意思決定バランス尺度-大学生版(Decision Balance Scale for Swimming & water exercise with University student:DBSSU)」が開発された。続いて,開発された尺度の信頼性についてα係数から確認され,さらに妥当性については'水泳・水中運動の好き-嫌い(態度)'および'水泳に対するセルフエフィカシー'の観点から確認された。加えて,DBSSUの性差が認められ,男子に比べ女子にて負担が高いことなどが明らかにされた。さらに二次調査では,大学生271名を対象として行動変容ステージの観点から妥当性が検討された。行動変容ステージの上昇により,恩恵が高まり負担が低くなることなどが明らかにされたことから,本尺度は妥当性を有していることが考えられた。本尺度は大学生の水泳・水中運動増強に関する今後の研究において活用される可能性が考えられた。最後に本尺度の使用方法と今後の課題などについて議論された。
  • Are the stages of change for swimming & water exercise pros and cons qualitative distinct? : An analysis using a precontemplation stage university students of decision balance, 西田 順一, 体育・スポーツ教育研究, 体育・スポーツ教育研究, 13(1), 7 - 17, 2011
  • The effect of "Jiyu-jizai" intervention on the physical activity self-efficacy of elementary school children: focus on improvement of mental health, 高橋 幸一, 西田 順一, 柳川 益美, Annual report of the Faculty of Education,Gunma University. Art,technology,health and physical education,and science of human living series., 群馬大学教育学部紀要 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 46, 105 - 115, 2011
  • Influence of Exercise and Physical Activity on the Mental Health of Elementary and Junior High School Teachers : Individual Characteristics and Experiences With Stress, Nishida Jun-ichi, Otomo Satoshi, JAPANESE JOURNAL OF EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY, 58(3), 285 - 297, Sep. 2010 , Refereed
  • The Influence of physical education program intended to support interpersonal communication skills on subjective adjustment to school in first year university students: Using a shuttle-card "DAIFUKU", NISHIDA Jun-ichi, HASHIMOTO Kimio, YAMAMOTO Katuaki, Japan journal for health, physical education, recreation and dance in universities, 大学体育学, 6(1), 43 - 54, Mar. 15 2009
    Summary:The purpose of this study was to examine the influences of the physical education program intend to support interpersonal communication skill on subjective adjustment to school in first year university students. A group of twenty-six students participated in this program for three month. This program consisted of six sessions, and, as for them, KIN-BALL, Unihoc and Traditional play were adopted as a main activity. In addition, a shuttle-card "DAIFUKU" was utilized in this program, and the exchange of opinions was performed between students with teacher. As the results of analysis, enhancement in partial of subjective adjustment was observed after the program. And merit about the use a shuttle-card "DAIFUKU" became clear from qualitative data:. "chance of interpersonal communication," "joy and the pleasure of the reply," and "chance of reflection." These results suggest that the physical education program can contribute to enhance of subjective adjustment. Finally, it was discussed about limits and the future strategy to enhance the utility of this program.
  • The psychosocial effect of physical education program intend to improvement and enhancement social skills for first year university students, NISHIDA Jun-ichi, HASHIMOTO Kimio, Japan journal for health, physical education, recreation and dance in universities, 大学体育学, 6(1), 91 - 99, Mar. 15 2009
    Summary:わが国における大学生の特徴の一つとして、近年、希薄なコミュニケーションスキルを基盤に人間関係を構築していることが挙げられ、このことは種々の対人的な心の問題の増加に結びついている。これらの問題を鑑み、本研究は、社会的スキル向上を意図した大学体育実技の実践介入による社会的スキルの改善・向上効果について検討することを目的とした。介入群(n=24)は、「クリエイティブ・ウォーク」「バレーボール」「キンボール」といった、全7回のセッションから成るコミュニケーションスキル改善・向上を意図した体育実技を受講した。対照群は(n=17)は、「筋力・有酸素トレーニング」「卓球」「バスケットボール」といった体力づくりを主目的とし、コミュニケーションスキルの獲得を意図的に組み込んでいない体育実技を受講した。対象者は、授業体験前後において「社会的スキル尺度(庄司,1991)」に回答した。二要因分散分析の結果、社会的スキル尺度の「共感・援助のスキル」にて、時間と群の有意な交互作用が認められた。介入群においては、体験前から体験後にかけて高まったが、対照群においては体験前後において差異は認められなかった。社会的スキル尺度「積極的・主張的かかわりのスキル」には有意な交互作用は認められなかった。結論として、コミュニケーションスキル改善・向上を意図した大学体育は、部分的な社会的スキルの改善・向上に寄与する可能性が示唆された。本研究の最後に、研究の制限と今後の課題が示唆された。
  • Research on the health management system in Maebashi Ogo area: the lifestyle-related disease prevention program service and health evaluation, 柳川 益美, 村上 正巳, 伴野 祥一, 柳川 美麿, 西口 茂樹, 金澤 陽子, 高田 丈裕, 尾崎 秀典, 村上 正巳, 小川 正行, 西田 順一, 松本 慎吾, 常川 勝彦, 藪 中, 貴田 真美, Annual report of the Faculty of Education,Gunma University. Art,technology,health and physical education,and science of human living series., 群馬大学教育学部紀要 芸術・技術・体育・生活科学編, 44, 83 - 101, 2009
  • The effect sports outdoor activities experience as result of completely open a school for 5 days system in elementary school on the "zest of living" of children.(Natural Sciences), HANADA Michiko, TOMIYAMA Kozo, NISHIDA Junichi, Bulletin of Kyushu Women's University. Natural sciences, 九州女子大学紀要. 自然科学編, 41(4), 11 - 22, Feb. 2005
    Summary:The purpose of present study is to investigate the effect of sports and outdoor activities on the mental and physical health and on the education to develop the "zest of living". Questionnaire research have done after sport outdoor program have finished. The questionnaire, (IOCE (The construction of an inventory of organized Camp Experience for children) and (MHPC (The Development of Diagnostic Inventory of Mental Health Pattern for children) produced by Nishida and colleagues was used in present study. Subjects used in present study are 53 children (22 of boys, 30 of girls and 1 of no answer) from first to third grade students in elementary school, who are participated in this program. The result of the MHPC revealed that approximately 80 % of subjects classified into "Vivid type". According to this result, most children who participated in sports and outdoor activities could manage both mental and physical stress well. There was no significant difference between genders. However, the motivation of boys tended to be higher than girls. Additionally, there was no difference among first, second, and third grades. The results of MHPC was close to the standard level Nishida and colleagues described before. As compared with girls, boys have more abundant experience. However, the score of "experience of cooperation with others" in both boys and girls were significantly high. The score of "Experience of challenge/mastery" and "Experience of contact with nature" was also relatively high. Therefore, suppose cooperation with others, identities, positive ness and ability of program solution are higher. Therefor, by doing sport outdoor activity correspond completely open a school for 5 days pre week system, consider about bring up especially positive and identity, and sprit of cooperation with others at children's zest of living.
  • Causal Model of Mental Health Change During an Organized Camp:Verification of Enjoyment as a Mediator, NISHIDA JUNICHI, HASHIMOTO KIMIO, YANAGI TOSHIHARU, BABA ASAKO, The Japanese Journal of Educational Psychology, 教育心理学研究, 53(2), 196 - 208, 2005
    Summary:The main purpose of the present study was to verify the causal relationship in a model proposing that the amount of organized camp experience a child had would influence changes in that child's mental health through the mediating concept of the enjoyment associated with organized camp experiences. Elementary school children (N=202) participated in an organized summer camp program for 1 week or 10 days. Before going to camp, they completed a demographic questionnaire and the Mental Health Pattern for Children (MHPC: pretest). Immediately after the end of the camp, they completed the latter instrument again and also the Inventory of Organized Camp Experience for Children (IOCE-C) and the Children's Organized Camp Enjoyment Scale (COCES). Results from a structural equation modeling analysis indicated that the proposed model generally showed an acceptable fit. The direct path from experience at organized camp to changes in mental health was not significant. Indeed, indirect paths showing mental health changes via enjoyment were larger than the direct path.
  • Causal Model of Mental Health Change During an Organized Camp : Verification of Enjoyment as a Mediator, NISHIDA JUNICHI, HASHIMOTO KIMIO, YANAGI TOSHIHARU, BABA ASAKO, The Japanese journal of educational psychology., 教育心理学研究, 53(2), 196 - 208, 2005
    Summary:The main purpose of the present study was to verify the causal relationship in a model proposing that the amount of organized camp experience a child had would influence changes in that child's mental health through the mediating concept of the enjoyment associated with organized camp experiences. Elementary school children (N=202) participated in an organized summer camp program for 1 week or 10 days. Before going to camp, they completed a demographic questionnaire and the Mental Health Pattern for Children (MHPC: pre-test). Immediately after the end of the camp, they completed the latter instrument again and also the Inventory of Organized Camp Experience for Children (IOCE-C) and the Children's Organized Camp Enjoyment Scale (COCES). Results from a structural equation modeling analysis indicated that the proposed model generally showed an acceptable fit. The direct path from experience at organized camp to changes in mental health was not significant. Indeed, indirect paths showing mental health changes via enjoyment were larger than the direct path.
  • The influences of organized camp experience on physical activity levels and television viewing time in daily life, Nishida Junichi, Hashimoto Kimio, Yanagi Toshiharu, Murai Shinji, Tanaka Kazuo, Taiikugaku kenkyu (Japan Journal of Physical Education, Health and Sport Sciences), 体育学研究, 50(6), 699 - 711, 2005
    Summary:The benefits of organized camps for improving many psychological aspects have been well demonstrated in various studies. However, few reports in this area have focused on the level of physical activity. An organized camp experience is a potential approach for promoting physical activity. The purpose of the present study was to examine the influences of organized camp experience on physical activity level and television viewing time in elementary children. A group of twenty children participated in an organized summer camp program for one week, and another twenty-one children who did not participate in any camp were used as a control group. The organized camp program utilized structured adventure activities and nature activities. The primary aims of the organized camp were to promote physical activities during the camp and in a daily setting. Subjects were equipped with a Kenz Lifecorder for three time periods (Time 1 : pre-camp; Time 2 : during-camp; Time 3 : post-camp) to monitor physical activity. A physical activity index was calculated from the Lifecorder data of step counts, exercise energy expenditure, and total daily energy expenditure. Children also reported the time they spent viewing television in diaries at Time 1 and Time 3. When repeated-measures ANOVA was used, a significant interaction effect was found for the physical activity index; physical activity levels during Time 2 were higher than during Times 1 and 3 in the experimental group, and were lower than Times 1 and 3 in the control group. As for television viewing time, ANOVA revealed no significant interaction effect. The findings of the study are discussed in terms of their impact on research. Further investigation is required to identify an organized camp behavior strategy that promotes point of post time physical activity in elementary children. Suggestions for future investigation are also presented.
  • The effect of an Organized Camp Experience on Mother-Child Relationship, BABA Asako, NISHIDA Jun-ichi, HASHIMOTO Kimio, YANAGI Toshiharu, NAKASHIMA Shunsuke, Japan Outdoor Education Journal, 野外教育研究, 8(1), 87 - 95, 2004
    Summary:It has been said that children's mental problems are affected by their mother's mental condition. Studies show that this influence often serves as a form of social support helpful to the promotion of children's health and growth. This study examined whether children's perception of social support from their mothers changed as a result of their participation in an organized camp. In addition, the study examined these mother-child relationships through the mother's self-description. Nineteen boys, aged 8-13 years, participated in a weeklong organized camp program. The Perceived Social Support, measured by the Scale of Social Support, was assessed just before and ten days after of the camp. Post-score of Social Support did not increase compared with prescore. However, three items, 'When I want to complain about something, my mother listens (p<.05) ', 'When I can't do something for myself, my mother helps (p<.10) ' and 'When I am distressed with human relationships, my mother gives advice (p<.10) ', of social support significantly increased compared with pre-score. At the same time, review of mother's report indicates that mothers perceived some growth in their children (ex.'My son began to help me with after dinner clean up'). Consequently, mother's perceived social support from their children was favorably changed by the organized camp experience. This suggests in part, that the child's interpersonal perception, mother's support or both changed in response to the child who experienced the organized camp. Therefore, it can be proposed that an organized camp experience is one of the measures to help promote perceived social support.
  • The Development of Diagnostic Inventory of Mental Health Pattern for Children (MHPC), NISHIDA Junichi, HASHIMOTO Kimio, TOKUNAGA Mikio, Journal of health science, 健康科学, 25, 55-56, 55 - 65, Mar. 25 2003
    Summary:It is necessary for mental health not only to assess negative aspects, but also to assess positive aspects. The purpose of this study was to provide a scale to assess different aspects of mental health, and then to test the reliability and validity of this scale. In Study 1, data was collected and factor-analyzed from 1,018 elementary children in grades four through six which resulted in a scale, the Mental Health Pattern for Children (MHPC) that consists of thirty items. This scale is composed of six subscales that rate a child's mental health, so that three positive aspects (life satisfaction, goal/challenge, and self-confidence) and three negative aspects (anger, fatigue, and withdrawn) are assessed. Score on the MHPC showed high internal consistency and a high test-retest reliability. In Study 2, in which 168 elementary school children participated, correlations between the scores of MHPC and those of three other scale assessing achievement motive (Achievement motive scale, Mori & Horino: 1997) and stress response (Stress Response Scale, Shimada et al. : 1994) and school life satisfaction (School life satisfaction scale for children, Kawamura & Tagami: 1997) were examined. The results showed the MHPC had high validity in each subscale. These findings suggested that MHPC was quite valid as an assessment tool for mental health. Finally, a possible direction for future studies with use of the MHPC was discussed.
  • The Effects of an Organized Camp Experience on the Social Skill Enhancement of Elementary School Children, NISHIDA Junichi, HASHIMOTO Kimio, TOKUNAGA Mikio, YANAGI Toshiharu, Japan Outdoor Education Journal, 野外教育研究, 5(2), 45 - 54, 2002
    Summary:Most researchers have reported that an organized camp experience helps children and adolescents to develop more positive human relationship, while their social skills have rarely been studied empirically. Enhancing social skill are considered to be critical issues in outdoor education setting because of low social skill leads to undesirable behavior such as victims, bullies and school non-attendance. The purpose of this study was to examine the enhancing effects of an organized camp experience on a group of children's social skill. A group of twenty-three children participated in an organized summer camp program for one-week, and another group of forty-one children of the same age who did not participate in any camp were used as a control. Social skills, measured by the Self-rating Scale of Social Skills for Elementary School Children (SSS-E), were assessed before and after the organized camp experience. First, a repeated measures ANOVA (Condition×Time) was performed. This analysis indicated a significant main effect of group in "prosocial skills." Moreover, ANCOVA using pretest scores as covariates revealed that after the intervention, the organized camp group had more "prosocial skills." Our findings, thus, suggest that organized camp experience may lead to enhance social skill for elementary children. The remains much scope for research on social skills. In particular, future outcome studies should employ longitudinal research designs over an extended duration. Finally, practical implication was also provided.
  • The Construction of an Inventory of Organized Camp Experience for Children(IOCE-C)and Its Reliability and Validity, NISHIDA Junichi, HASHIMOTO Kimio, YANAGI Toshiharu, Japan Outdoor Education Journal, 野外教育研究, 6(1), 49 - 61, 2002
    Summary:The purpose of this study was to construct an inventory on the assessment of organized camp experiences forelementary school children, and to test the reliability and validity of this inventory. In Study 1, in order to selectthe items for this inventory, 159 sets of qualitative data were collected from preliminary studies and literaturereviews. Second, 43 items were selected from these on the basis of their generality and their relevancy.Exploratory factor analysis of data from 425 elementary children (4th to 6th grades) resulted in an Inventory ofOrganized Camp Experience for Children (IOCE-C) consisting of 20 items, including five subscales such as, "Experience of contact with nature, ""Experience of challenge/mastery, ""Experience of cooperation with others, ""Experience of self-disclosure, " and "Experience of self-focus." Sufficient reliability of the IOCE-Cwas confirmed by results of measures of internal consistency and split-half reliability. Moreover, IOCE-Cscores were compared between two groups with various durations in organized camp experience. Results of thet-test analysis showed that IOCE-C scores of the group which had a longer camp experience were significantlyhigher than those of the group with the shorter camp period. This suggests that the IOCE-C has high constructvalidity. The elementary children's scores for the IOCE-C were reviewed for the differences between the sexesand between the grades. Girls showed higher score in "Experience of cooperation with others, " Experience of"self-disclosure, " and "Experience of self-focus" than boys. Further, boys in grade 6 presented higher score in"Experience of challenge/mastery" than boys in grade 4. In Study 2, discriminate validity was examined fromexperimental perspective. The results showed the IOCE-C had high validity in each subscale. Finally, a possible direction for future studies with use of the IOCE-C was discussed.
  • The Influence of Organized Camp Experience on Stress Responses in Elementary Children : The importance of cognitive appraisal, NISHIDA Junichi, HASHIMOTO Kimio, TOKUNAGA Mikio, Journal of health science, 健康科学, 22, 151 - 157, Feb. 10 2000
    Summary:The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of the organized camp experience on children's stress response, and to examine the relationship between cognitive appraisal of the organized camp and resultant changes in stress exhibited following the camp. Seventy-three elementary school children participated in an organized camp for three days. Cognitive appraisal was measured using an adjective items consisting of "pleasant-painful". Subjects were assigned to either favorable or unfavorable groups based on their cognitive appraisal (positive or negative) of the camp experience. The Stress Response Scale for Children (SRS-C) , composing of "physical states, " "depressive-anxious feeling, " "irritated-angry feeling" and "helplessness, " was administered before and after the organized camp. The results of the student paired t-tests indicated that both of "physical states" and "irritated-angry feeling" subscale scores decreased significantly after the organized camp experience. In addition, results of 2×2 (Group×Time) ANOVAs performed on each of the SRS-C subscales showed that there were significant time main effects for "physical states, " "irritated-angry feeling" and "helplessness, " and a significant group by time interaction for the "irritated-angry feeling" subscale. These findings suggest that the organized camp experience can produce stress reduction in children. Benefits, however, are influenced by cognitive appraisal of the camp experience. Benefit of the organized camp on stress reduction and implications for future research are discussed.

Conference Activities & Talks

  • Self-grwth model, NISHIDA Jun-ichi, Educational Journal of Health, Sport and Physical Education,   2016 12

Works

  • The Effect of an Organized Camp Experience on Mental Health in Elementary Children.

Misc

  • The Influence of an Organized Camp Experience on Stree Response in Elementary Children.-Relationships Cognitive Apprisal-, Health Science, 22, 1, 151, 157,   2000
  • A Reexamination of the Acute Exercice Positive Mood and Chronic Exercise Positive Mental Health Relationships, Educational Journal of Health, Sports and Physical Education., 1, 1, 5, 12,   2000
  • The Effects of an Organized Camp Experience on Mental Health in Elementary Children: A Self-Determination Perspective, Japanease Journal of Sports Psychology, 30, 20-32,   2003

Research Grants & Projects

  • The Effect of an Organized Camp Experience on Mental Health in Elementary Children.
  • The Relationship Betwee Physical Activity and Mental Health of Elementary Children.
  • The Relationship Between Mental Health ane Nature-Environment of Children.